kindlized

"The book kindled my interest."

【2017】ビルゲイツが選ぶ「私の読んだ今年の素晴らしい5冊」

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【はじめに】

毎年、ビルゲイツは年間50冊は本を読むそう。

そしてその中から5冊を、「お気に入りの5冊」として、

自分のブログにあげて、レビューをくわえてます。

www.gatesnotes.com

今回は、その5冊をご紹介したいと思います。 

The Best We Could Do: An Illustrated Memoir (English Edition)[Kindle版]

The Best We Could Do: An Illustrated Memoir (English Edition)[Kindle版]

  • 作者:Thi Bui
  • 出版社:Abrams ComicArts
  • 発売日: 2017-03-07

アマゾン内容紹介

**ABA Indies Introduce Winter / Spring 2017 Selection** **Barnes & Noble Discover Great New Writers Spring 2017 Selection** An intimate and poignant graphic novel portraying one family’s journey from war-torn Vietnam, from debut author Thi Bui. This beautifully illustrated and emotional story is an evocative memoir about the search for a better future and a longing for the past. Exploring the anguish of immigration and the lasting effects that displacement has on a child and her family, Bui documents the story of her family’s daring escape after the fall of South Vietnam in the 1970s, and the difficulties they faced building new lives for themselves. At the heart of Bui’s story is a universal struggle: While adjusting to life as a first-time mother, she ultimately discovers what it means to be a parent—the endless sacrifices, the unnoticed gestures, and the depths of unspoken love. Despite how impossible it seems to take on the simultaneous roles of both parent and child, Bui pushes through. With haunting, poetic writing and breathtaking art, she examines the strength of family, the importance of identity, and the meaning of home. In what Pulitzer Prize–winning novelist Viet Thanh Nguyen calls “a book to break your heart and heal it,” The Best We Could Do brings to life Thi Bui’s journey of understanding, and provides inspiration to all of those who search for a better future while longing for a simpler past.

(要約)ある家族の戦争で荒廃したベトナムからの旅路を描かれてます。戦争で傷ついたベトナムからの家族の旅を描いた親密で印象的なグラフィック小説。この美しく描かれた感情的な物語は、より良い未来の探求と過去の憧れについての想い出の回顧録です。 1970年代の南ベトナム崩壊後の家族の大胆な逃避と、彼ら自身の新しい生活の構築に直面した困難について、Buiは移民の悩みや子どもとその家族の移住がもたらす永続的な影響について探求しています。

【ゲイツ'sレビュー】

This gorgeous graphic novel is a deeply personal memoir that explores what it means to be a parent and a refugee. The author’s family fled Vietnam in 1978. After giving birth to her own child, she decides to learn more about her parents’ experiences growing up in a country torn apart by foreign occupiers.

 

この豪華なグラフィック小説は、親と難民の意味を探求する深く個人的な回顧録です。著者の家族は1978年にベトナムから逃亡しました。彼女は子供を産んだ後、外国の占領者によって裂かれた国で育った両親の経験についてもっと学ぶことを決意します。

 

 

Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City[Kindle版]

Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City[Kindle版]

  • 作者:Matthew Desmond
  • 出版社:Broadway Books
  • 発売日: 2016-03-01

アマゾン内容紹介

WINNER OF THE 2017 PULITZER PRIZE GENERAL NON-FICTION From Harvard sociologist and MacArthur "Genius" Matthew Desmond, a landmark work of scholarship and reportage that will forever change the way we look at poverty in America In this brilliant, heartbreaking book, Matthew Desmond takes us into the poorest neighborhoods of Milwaukee to tell the story of eight families on the edge. Arleen is a single mother trying to raise her two sons on the $20 a month she has left after paying for their rundown apartment. Scott is a gentle nurse consumed by a heroin addiction. Lamar, a man with no legs and a neighborhood full of boys to look after, tries to work his way out of debt. Vanetta participates in a botched stickup after her hours are cut. All are spending almost everything they have on rent, and all have fallen behind. The fates of these families are in the hands of two landlords: Sherrena Tarver, a former schoolteacher turned inner-city entrepreneur, and Tobin Charney, who runs one of the worst trailer parks in Milwaukee. They loathe some of their tenants and are fond of others, but as Sherrena puts it, “Love don’t pay the bills.” She moves to evict Arleen and her boys a few days before Christmas. Even in the most desolate areas of American cities, evictions used to be rare. But today, most poor renting families are spending more than half of their income on housing, and eviction has become ordinary, especially for single mothers. In vivid, intimate prose, Desmond provides a ground-level view of one of the most urgent issues facing America today. As we see families forced into shelters, squalid apartments, or more dangerous neighborhoods, we bear witness to the human cost of America’s vast inequality—and to people’s determination and intelligence in the face of hardship. Based on years of embedded fieldwork and painstakingly gathered data, this masterful book transforms our understanding of extreme poverty and economic exploitation while providing fresh ideas for solving a devastating, uniquely American problem. Its unforgettable scenes of hope and loss remind us of the centrality of home, without which nothing else is possible.

(要約)今日、ほとんどの貧しい賃貸家族は収入の半分以上を住宅に費やしています。鮮やかで親密な散文で、Desmondは今日アメリカが直面している最も緊急な問題の1つを現実レベルで見ています。家族が避難所やアパート、危険な地域に避難しているのを見て、アメリカの巨大な不平等の人件費と苦難に直面した人々の決意と知性を目の当たりにしています。何年ものフィールドワークと苦労して収集されたデータに基づいて、悲惨なアメリカの問題を解決するための新鮮なアイデアを提供しながら、極度の貧困と経済搾取への私たちの認識を変えます。その忘れられない希望と喪失の場面は、家庭の中心性を思い起こさせます。それなしでは何も可能ではないのです。

 

【ゲイツ'sレビュー】

If you want a good understanding of how the issues that cause poverty are intertwined, you should read this book about the eviction crisis in Milwaukee. Desmond has written a brilliant portrait of Americans living in poverty. He gave me a better sense of what it is like to be poor in this country than anything else I have read.

貧困の原因となる問題がどのように絡み合っているかをよく知りたい場合は、ミルウォーキーの追放危機についてこの本を読むべきです。デスモンドは、貧困に暮らすアメリカ人の華麗な肖像画を描いています。彼は、私が今まで読んだどの書物よりも、この国での貧しい人の姿を感じ取らせました。

 

Believe Me: A Memoir of Love, Death, and Jazz Chickens[Kindle版]

Believe Me: A Memoir of Love, Death, and Jazz Chickens[Kindle版]

  • 作者:Eddie Izzard
  • 出版社:Blue Rider Press
  • 発売日: 2017-06-13

アマゾン内容紹介

New York Times Bestseller"Izzard is one of the funniest people alive, a talented actor, a sharp cross-dresser, an experienced marathon runner, and a great writer. You will have to read this if only to find out what a jazz chicken is."—The Philadelphia InquirerWith his brand of keenly intelligent humor that ranges from world history to historical politics, sexual politics, mad ancient kings, and chickens with guns, Eddie Izzard has built an extraordinary fan base that transcends age, gender, and race. Writing with the same candor and insight evident in his comedy, he reflects on a childhood marked by the loss of his mother, boarding school, and alternative sexuality, as well as a life in comedy, film, politics, running and philanthropy.Honest and generous, Believe Me is an inspired account of a very singular life thus far.

(要約)"Izzardは、今最も面白い人、有能な俳優、シャープなクロスドレッサー、経験豊かなマラソンランナー、そして素晴らしい作家の1人です。 彼のコメディで明らかになった同名の朗読と洞察を書いて、彼は母親の喪失、学校への搭乗、代替セクシュアリティ、そしてコメディー、映画、政治、執行、慈善活動の人生を反映しています。

 

【ゲイツ'sレビュー】

Izzard’s personal story is fascinating: he survived a difficult childhood and worked relentlessly to overcome his lack of natural talent and become an international star. If you’re a huge fan of him like I am, you’ll love this book. His written voice is very similar to his stage voice, and I found myself laughing out loud several times while reading it.

Eddie Izzard Izzardの個人的な話は魅力的です。彼は困難な子供時代から生き延び、自然な才能の欠如を克服し、国際的なスターになるために絶え間なく働きました。あなたが私のように彼の大ファンなら、この本が大好きでしょう。彼の書物の声は、彼の舞台声に非常によく似ていて、私はそれを読んでいる間に何度も大声で笑ってしまっていました。

 

The Sympathizer: A Novel (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction)[Kindle版]

The Sympathizer: A Novel (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction)[Kindle版]

  • 作者:Viet Thanh Nguyen
  • 出版社:Grove Press
  • 発売日: 2015-04-02

アマゾン内容紹介

The winner of the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, as well as six other awards, The Sympathizer is the breakthrough novel of the year. With the pace and suspense of a thriller and prose that has been compared to Graham Greene and Saul Bellow, The Sympathizer is a sweeping epic of love and betrayal. The narrator, a communist double agent, is a “man of two minds,” a half-French, half-Vietnamese army captain who arranges to come to America after the Fall of Saigon, and while building a new life with other Vietnamese refugees in Los Angeles is secretly reporting back to his communist superiors in Vietnam. The Sympathizer is a blistering exploration of identity and America, a gripping espionage novel, and a powerful story of love and friendship.

(要約)Sympathizerは今年の画期的な小説です。 グラハム・グリーンとソール・ベローと比較された、スリラーと散文のペースとサスペンスで、『シムパタイザー』は愛と裏切りの壮大な叙事詩であり、 アイデンティティの謎めいた探究であり、アメリカ、忍び寄る諜報活動小説、そして愛と友情の強力な物語となっています

 

【ゲイツ'sレビュー】

Most of the books I’ve read and movies I’ve seen about the Vietnam War focused on the American perspective. Nguyen’s award-winning novel offers much-needed insight into what it was like to be Vietnamese and caught between both sides. Despite how dark it is, The Sympathizer is a gripping story about a double agent and the trouble he gets himself into.

私が読んだ本やベトナム戦争について見た映画のほとんどは、アメリカの視点に焦点を当てていました。この受賞作品は、ベトナム人であることと、両者の間で感じ取られたものについて、十分な洞察を提供しています。それがどれほど暗いにもかかわらず、Sympathizerは、ダブルエージェントと、彼自身を追い込んだトラブルについて強く惹きつける話となっています。

Energy and Civilization: A History (MIT Press)[Kindle版]

Energy and Civilization: A History (MIT Press)[Kindle版]

  • 作者:Vaclav Smil
  • 出版社:The MIT Press
  • 発売日: 2017-05-12

アマゾン内容紹介

Energy is the only universal currency; it is necessary for getting anything done. The conversion of energy on Earth ranges from terra-forming forces of plate tectonics to cumulative erosive effects of raindrops. Life on Earth depends on the photosynthetic conversion of solar energy into plant biomass. Humans have come to rely on many more energy flows -- ranging from fossil fuels to photovoltaic generation of electricity -- for their civilized existence. In this monumental history, Vaclav Smil provides a comprehensive account of how energy has shaped society, from pre-agricultural foraging societies through today's fossil fuel--driven civilization. Humans are the only species that can systematically harness energies outside their bodies, using the power of their intellect and an enormous variety of artifacts -- from the simplest tools to internal combustion engines and nuclear reactors. The epochal transition to fossil fuels affected everything: agriculture, industry, transportation, weapons, communication, economics, urbanization, quality of life, politics, and the environment. Smil describes humanity's energy eras in panoramic and interdisciplinary fashion, offering readers a magisterial overview. This book is an extensively updated and expanded version of Smil's Energy in World History (1994). Smil has incorporated an enormous amount of new material, reflecting the dramatic developments in energy studies over the last two decades and his own research over that time.

(要約)エネルギーは唯一の普遍的な通貨です。何かを得るために必要となります。Vaclav Smilは、農業以前の飼育社会から現在の化石燃料駆動文明まで、どのようにしてエネルギーが社会を形成したかを包括的に説明しています。人類は知性の力と、最も単純なツールから内燃機関や原子炉に至るまで、多岐にわたる人工物を使って体外でエネルギーを体系的に利用できる唯一の種です。農業、産業、輸送、武器、コミュニケーション、経済、都市化、生活の質、政治、環境など、化石燃料への画期的な移行はすべてに影響を与えました。 Smilは、人類のエネルギー時代をパノラマ的かつ学際的に表現し、読者にその概要を提供しています。

 

【ゲイツ'sレビュー】

Smil is one of my favorite authors, and this is his masterpiece. He lays out how our need for energy has shaped human history—from the era of donkey-powered mills to today’s quest for renewable energy. It’s not the easiest book to read, but at the end you’ll feel smarter and better informed about how energy innovation alters the course of civilizations.

Smilは私の好きな作家の一人で、これが彼の傑作です。彼は、私たちのエネルギーの必要性が、ロバを動力とする工場の時代から今日の再生可能エネルギーの探求まで、人類の歴史をどのように形成しているのかを明らかにしています。読むのが簡単な本ではありませんが、最終的には、エネルギー革新がどのように文明の過程を変えるかについて、よりスマートでよりよい情報を得ることができるでしょう。

 

【あとがき】

いかかでしたでしょうか。

毎年毎年ゲイツが選ぶ本のラインナップは、

彼の今の考えが垣間見える気がして面白いんですよね。

日本語訳が出てないのが多いですが、頑張って読んでみたいです。